A good lecture is not a question of eloquence or self-esteem, but a matter of proper preparation. When a lecture has been perfectly prepared, the rest is a breeze. Your fellow students will thank you, because bad presentations are not only a disadvantage for the note, but also boring for the audience. With the following tips for speakers every lecture becomes a success!
The magic word is: good preparation
Many speakers become very restless and nervous at least one day before the lecture. This can extend to sleepless nights and even panic-like conditions. The main reasons for this panic are two fears: the fear of saying something wrong and the fear of embarrassing oneself.
To cope with the fear of saying something wrong, it should be remembered that very few like to give a presentation and that nobody can know everything. So it does not matter if you make a mistake – that’s completely natural. Mistakes are not just part of a presentation, they are also part of life. And they are finally there to learn from them: If you make a mistake in your presentation, you will certainly not make it again at the next lecture.
Regarding the fear of embarrassing oneself, it can be said that with the increasing excitement more and more irrational fears go hand in hand. “The others will expose me” or “I’ll embarrass myself to the bone” are just some of the thoughts that go through the speakers. To reduce this fear, keep in mind that nobody wants something bad. Instead, it’s an objective performance check – if you’ve prepared enough for the topic, nothing can go wrong.
What you achieve with the presentation
Speakers take over the active co-design of a seminar or a lecture. Thus, speakers are jointly responsible for the learning success of the learning group. So that your classmates can learn something through your lecture, you should think in advance about what you really want to achieve with the presentation. In addition, it is important to note and to consider, which guidelines the teacher has given and what the listeners should do (get to know a subject, understand, discuss, …).
What is important in a lecture and what not?
Furthermore, you have to be aware of which aspects of the topic are relevant for your fellow students, that is: what should the paper include and what not? Which priorities need to be set and how much time is available for the lecture? Separate key messages and background information thoroughly!
The structure of the presentation of a presentation
The next step of the preparation is to determine a meaningful structure or presentation of the contents. The structure of the lecture must be comprehensible and logical. The structure must be transparent, and during the presentation it should be made clear again and again at which point the structure is currently located.
Introduction, main part, final
The structure of your presentation should look like this:
1. Introduction (10% of the time)
- Presentation of the speaker
- Presentation of the topic
- Outline outline
Helpful is an initial slide on which these points are recorded as briefly as possible.
2nd main part (80% of the time)
- Includes the essential knowledge transfer
- The reference to the structure must always be restored
- 3rd final (10% of the time)
- Pointed summary of the most important aspects
- Thanks for the attention
- Transfer to discussion
This by a provocative thesis o.Ä. stimulate.
Here, too, a slide makes sense, which summarizes the basic statements of the lecture (for example in the form of memoranda).
Use close stitch points
You should not write the paper. Meaning: you should bring no ellenlangen text in the form of paper stacks to the lecture. Instead you can provide index cards with scarce (!) Bullet points. These cards are not for reading, but help you if you ever lose the thread.
Conduct a dialogue with the listeners
The form of the presentation significantly determines the information of the audience. A talk is a dialogue with the audience – it’s not about rattling off appropriate knowledge. Instead, you should interact with the audience. You can incorporate personal experiences into the presentation, but you should not overdo it with them. It is important to convey that you are the expert in the topic prepared by you.
This creates a climate of mutual appreciation
The personal address is also a means to address the audience as well as the thanks for the attention at the end of the presentation. If you know your name in the audience, you can certainly address the audience by name. Tell fellow students at the beginning of the presentation that they can ask comprehension questions at any time. This testifies to appreciation and makes a sympathetic and at the same time professional impression.
Fill the presentation with “Melody”
Speak clearly, clearly and slowly. Give the audience time to process what they have heard. Speak at different speeds, with different timbres and with different pitches. So you can highlight important points and fill the presentation with “melody”. It also makes it easier for the audience to listen to you.
You can use descriptive speech to get the audience’s attention. These include examples, metaphor and the repetition of information. All these formulations help to promote the understanding of the listener.
Body language is important in your presentation
Pay attention to your body language during the presentation. A friendly facial expression makes even the driest topic more enjoyable. On eye contact with the audience must not be waived! With an expressive body language you underline the information provided.
As much as possible should be visualized during the presentation. However, care must be taken not to overload the individual slides – not even with text. The guideline is: max. 10 lines of text or max. 7 content points per slide. Leave enough space between the lines. The font should be Arial, it should not be too small or too big. Use black text because colors are used to highlight important information. The entire film should be neutral, not too colorful.
Most of the time, less is more. Write as close as possible and, where it makes sense, use pictures and graphics to visualize what has been said. The visualizations must be clearly visible to the entire audience. The listeners need enough time to process what has been shown. Even during media use, you must not turn your back to the audience – keep your eye contact upright. A laser pointer or similar can lead through the medium. Verbal explanations should follow only after a short break following what has been shown.
Keep the time available!
What many speakers underestimate is the observance of the given time. Prefer the presentation to less time than the teacher provides, because a lecture expands in practice i.d.R. out. It’s better to spend a little time at the end than to completely overdraw. The rest of the time can be saved by a small task for the audience or similar. be designed. Go through the presentation several times at home to assess how long you will need to give the lecture. This also makes you safer.